Scholarly Articles

Following is a partial bibliography of current literature gathered by Rebecca Covarrubias, Assistant Professor of Psychology, UC Santa Cruz.

Note that access to articles may require login to the UC Santa Cruz library.

〉〉  A cultural mismatch: Independent cultural norms produce greater increases in cortisol and more negative emotions among first-generation college students. Nicole M. Stephens, Sarah S.M. Townsend, Hazel Rose Markus, L. Taylor Phillips. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology Volume 48, Issue 6, November 2012, Pages 1389–1393

〉〉  Affirming independence: Exploring mechanisms underlying a values affirmation intervention for first-generation students. Tibbetts, Yoi; Harackiewicz, Judith M.; Canning, Elizabeth A.; Boston, Jilana S.; Priniski, Stacy J.; Hyde, Janet S. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 110(5), May 2016, 635-659.

〉〉  Closing the Social-Class Achievement Gap: A Difference-Education Intervention Improves First-Generation Students’ Academic Performance and All Students’ College Transition. Nicole M. Stephens, MarYam G. Hamedani, Mesmin Destin. Psychological Science 2014, Vol. 25(4) 943–953.

〉〉  Living–learning programs and first-generation college students’ academic and social transition to college. Karen Kurotsuchi Inkelas, Zaneeta E. Daver, Kristen E. Vogt, and Jeannie Brown Leonard. Research in Higher Education, Vol. 48, No. 4, June 2007 (2006) DOI:

〉〉 Unseen disadvantage: How American universities' focus on independence undermines the academic performance of first-generation college students. Stephens, Nicole M.; Fryberg, Stephanie A.; Markus, Hazel Rose; Johnson, Camille S.; Covarrubias, Rebecca. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 102(6), Jun 2012, 1178-1197.